Thursday, December 12, 2019
The Conceptual Design of Light Rail Network-Samples for Students
Question: Write a report which Critically Analyses the Conceptual Design Phase of a Systems Engineering Project. Answer: Introduction This particular report is mainly based on the conceptual design of light rail network (LRN) of Australia. Light rail is also called as Light Rail Transit (LRT) which is one type of urban public transport that is mainly similar with tram ways in some extent (Cao and Ettema 2014). It is one of the speedy transport systems with the help of electrical powered train operated by drivers. It becomes one of the vital supports for the Australian people to get rid from traffic congestions of busy roads of Australia. The country also recognized the requirement to address both the congestions as well as accessibility of all problems. Hence, it always continue to evaluate the more capacity public transport solutions that mainly helps to reduce the congestions as well as provide different transport options that helps to make global, progressive and competitive city (Birdsall 2015). This particular report also discussed about the design framework of the light rail network system of the Australian city Sydney. It also elaborated about light rail network facilities in the city that mainly make the travel of people easier. Some recommendations are also mentioned for the enhancement of light rail network so that the traffic congestion problems get reduced in Australia. Need of definition The Sydney Light Rail Network is one of the light rail system that mainly supplies the Australian City, New South Wales. The light rail network is mainly controlled by New South Wales Government of transport. Apart from that, Clifton, Mulley and Hensher (2014) also discussed that light in particular context is mainly used for the light roads as well as faster movements rather than preferred weight. It also discussed that Sydney mainly developed an extensive tram network facilities that mainly grows as largest in world-wide. The lines owner mainly prepares the proposals for western extension of disused section within Central Business District (CBD) towards Central to Circular Quay (Dziauddin, Alvanides and Powe 2013). Apart from that, it also discussed that the transport system is one of the complementary mode of transport for passengers in eco-friendly and sustainable system. Because of increase in traffic congestion and pollution, it generates more problems for passengers of Sydney to travel from destination to other (Hensher, Mulley and Rose 2015). In terms of analyzing the light rail network development, the feasibility study is mainly done to examine the network if it is ideal for the pollution of Sydney. The purpose of line mainly built in terms of reducing the bus congestions in CBD as it mainly provides more capacities of public transport from University of the New South Wales to Sydney Football Stadium. This route is mainly served with bus facility so the traffic congestion is also high in those places. The important construction of LRN mainly started from 2015 which is predicted to be functional from 2019. On the other hand, Luong, and Xia (2016) also pointed out that LRN is mainly developed in underground which becomes one of the vital advantage in terms of reducing traffic congestions. All these developmental services are mainly operated by the use of one single class of light rail vehicle (LRV) (Ney and Gray 2014). This particular system mainly used standard gauge track by using 750 volts of current electrifications. The Sydney Light Rail is mainly incorporated of Inner West Light Rail that mainly operates in L1 Dulwich Hill Line. Apart from that, it also have 12.7 km route that mainly connects the Central Station with Dulwich Hill via 23 of light rail stops. This light rail network system mainly improves based on public transport in terms of accessing different entertainment facilities with access of sports (Spears, Boarnet and Houston 2016). It is also compared with development of other automobiles facilities, the growth of light rail becomes one of the cost effective transport so lution in Australia. It also discussed that light rail also able to increase the speed of 25-30 km/hr depending on the movements of abatements. Conceptual design of light rail network The light rail framework is mainly proposed for the city Sydney that is mainly located in Australia. It highlights that within the network of light rail it also covers different entertainments and sport areas like Town Hall, Bridge Street, Central, Royal Randwick, Surry Hills, UNSW High Street, Moore Park and different other places (Kim and Lahr 2014). The Australian government mainly lacks of proper funding due to which the development of heavy rails become more expensive in comparison with light rail. The costing of the system is mainly needed to do proper analysis of the system that mainly develop cost effective solution to reduce traffic congestion problems of Sydney. According to recent days data, more that 40,000 people travels by light rail system of Sydney on daily basis (Seo, Golub and Kuby 2014). Due to the reason of being an underground project it also does not occur any types of blockage on roads. NSW government is being committed to provide first class and integrate of p ublic transport network. CBD as well as South East Light Rail is one of the major projects into transformation of Sydney. The light rail network mainly offers lots of capabilities and both consistent and easily reachable solution for Sydney people. However, it also results up to 220 peak hours buses entering the city that mainly serves expected growth of South East as well as improves the access to different important destinations of Sydney like Royal Randwick Racecourse, University of NWS etc (Currie and Delbosc 2013). This particular project mainly allows more improvements in customer experience as well as also increases the economic growth of Sydney. Some of the benefits occurred due to the implementation of Light Rail Network at Sydney are listed below: Sustainability: LRN mainly creates various developmental opportunities and sustainable transport in Sydney (Kamruzzaman et al. 2014). This particular project mainly improves the performance and minimizes the emissions from transport network. Moreover, it also reduces the greenhouse gas emission in a large quantity. Travellers: Some of most common travellers of LRN include office employees, students, and businessman (Birdsall 2015). Within minimum span of time, passenger travels from one part of city to another. It mainly used to reduce the traffic congestions on Sydneys roads. This Light Rail Network mainly moves with more than 8000 people per hour in every direction and also supports with consumer-friendly transport services in Australia. Ticketing system: LRN incorporate new electronic system ticketing of NSW government that mainly trustworthy for both timetables and fares of trains (Cao and Ettema 2014). This new ticketing system also risen the interest of more people to travel with light rail. Development cost: CBD as well as South East Light Rail is delivering an estimation of $4 billion into benefits to Sydney as well as NSW. Following table will show the development cost of the light rail network: Activities Cost Economic benefits $2.50 million Invested delivers $1 million Environmental and health benefits $308 million Pedestrians $333 million Benefits of public transport customers $ 2 billion Wider economic benefits $222 million Road users $264 million Operating savings $707 million The infrastructure design of light rail network mainly follows different routes of tram lines of previous network (Clifton, Mulley and Hensher 2014). This particular route also includes both off-street and on-street section travelling from one place to another. There are more than 8-10 traffic light controlled connections that mainly created along with routes. Different changes are mainly taken considered that include revision of platform length at different stops to increase the tram length from 45m to 67m (Hensher, Mulley and Rose 2015). This network also forms new clients of light rail network that mainly focussed on convenient interchanges, development of seamless supported by lots of consumer information and different method finding techniques. Figure 1: Sydney Light Rail route map (Source: created by author) Based on the rail-route of Sydney Light Rail Network, it mainly requires some changes in the bus routes of Sydney Central Business districts. Based on light rail construction, the bus route also gets minimized to few extents in some places (Luong and Xia 2016). Due to this transportation system, the large rail network results into 400 percentage of higher per capita transit ridership, 21 percentage of lower per capita mileage of motor vehicle, 36 percentage per capita of traffic fatalities and 58 percentage of high transit service recovery of cost. Conclusion It is mainly concluded that the light rail network project established in Sydney city helps the people with easier transport from one place to another. This particular system also increases the investments and also save time. It mainly cut down the greenhouse gas emission and air pollutants. LRT becomes one of the best solutions of transportation problems in the city. It mainly provides efficient and fresh transit system that helps to fulfil the needs of Sydney city people. The main purpose of this particular project is to establish the light -rail project to reduce numbers of bus congestion within the city. Most of the routes of Sydney are served of buses; therefore there are long routes of traffic on roads. This particular rail route is frequently on-street and consequently it follows of comparable path to the routes which are being used by the tramway network. Recommendations There are various measures are to be taken to improve the light rail network of Sydney to enhance the efficiency of the transportation system. Following are the recommendations required to be follows: Design layout: An accurate design layout of the light rail network should be required to design which will cover the main routes of the city of Sydney. Construct at populated areas: The light rail network should require covering the populated area of Sydney so that more and more people should use this route to travel. It also helps in reduction of traffic congestion on the roads. References Birdsall, M., 2015. From Rapid Transit and Light Rail to Trains and Trams: Exploring Sydney, Australia's Expansive Public Transit Initiatives: PART TWO: SYDNEY'S LIGHT RAIL EXPANSION.Institute of Transportation Engineers. ITE Journal,85(12), p.28. Cao, J. and Ettema, D., 2014. Satisfaction with travel and residential self-selection: How do preferences moderate the impact of the Hiawatha Light Rail Transit line?.Journal of Transport and Land Use,7(3), pp.93-108. Clifton, G.T., Mulley, C. and Hensher, D.A., 2014. Bus Rapid Transit versus Heavy Rail in suburban SydneyComparing successive iterations of a proposed heavy rail line project to the pre-existing BRT network.Research in Transportation Economics,48, pp.126-141. Dziauddin, M.F., Alvanides, S. and Powe, N., 2013. Estimating the effects of light rail transit (LRT) system on the property values in the Klang Valley, Malaysia: A hedonic house price approach.Jurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering),61(1), pp.35-47. Hensher, D.A., Mulley, C. and Rose, J.M., 2015. Understanding the relationship between voting preferences for public transport and perceptions and preferences for bus rapid transit versus light rail.Journal of Transport Economics and Policy (JTEP),49(2), pp.236-260. Luong, P. and Xia, M., 2016. The light rail revolution-a safety risk perspective.CORE 2016: Maintaining the Momentum, p.714. Ney, S.M. and Gray, D., 2014. Western Sydney Light Rail-connecting the people of Western Sydney to the future.CORE 2014: Rail Transport For A Vital Economy, p.111. Spears, S., Boarnet, M.G. and Houston, D., 2016. Driving reduction after the introduction of light rail transit: Evidence from an experimental-control group evaluation of the Los Angeles Expo Line.Urban Studies, p.0042098016657261. Kim, K. and Lahr, M.L., 2014. The impact of Hudson?Bergen Light Rail on residential property appreciation.Papers in Regional Science,93(S1). Seo, K., Golub, A. and Kuby, M., 2014. Combined impacts of highways and light rail transit on residential property values: A spatial hedonic price model for Phoenix, Arizona.Journal of Transport Geography,41, pp.53-62. Hensher, D.A., 2016. Why is Light Rail Starting to Dominate Bus Rapid Transit Yet Again?. Currie, G. and Delbosc, A., 2013. Exploring comparative ridership drivers of bus rapid transit and light rail transit routes.Journal of Public Transportation,16(2), p.3. Kamruzzaman, M., Baker, D., Washington, S. and Turrell, G., 2014. Advance transit oriented development typology: case study in Brisbane, Australia.Journal of Transport Geography,34, pp.54-70.